DIA, the legacy of Giovanni Falcone

(by Cleto Iafrate, General Secretary SIM Guard of #Finanza) The #DAY - Anti-Mafia Investigative Directorate - is an inter-agency investigative body used in the fight against the Mafia. It was conceived in the 1991, in a context of serious mafia emergency, by Giovanni #Falcone to support the anti-mafia magistracy in the most delicate and complex investigations. The Magistrate felt the need while trying to shed light on the mafia infiltrations within the institutions.

Giovanni Falconehe almost certainly believed that the classic investigative tool he had was strengthened to fight the Mafia beyond a certain level.

To this end it intervened on the functional dependence of the police forces, distorting their respective hierarchical chains. Interlaced and confused in the new structure interforces men belonging to three different hierarchical lines (#Interno, #Difesa and #Finanze) and, to better preserve their autonomy, placed them outside the hierarchical and structural articulations of the respective Ministries.

In other words, until then the classical investigative tool had entrusted the investigations to a single police force dependent on a hierarchical chain whose last link engages - or at least is very close to - the political authority. In the DIA, on the other hand, policemen, carabinieri and financiers work side by side in inter-agency offices dependent on a central structure, distinct and distant from the Ministries of origin. Giovanni Falcone probably had realized that such an "inter-agency judicial police" would have been less exposed to possible political-hierarchical conditioning and, therefore, would have offered greater guarantees of independence with respect to those more delicate and interesting investigations for politics.

The same independence, guaranteed by the inter-force structures could be obtained with the presence of military unions that could similarly interrupt the downward flow of any illegitimate orders.

In contrast, the much vaunted "internal cohesion"- very dear to a certain current of opinion, indeed of interest - in some cases, it could even be detrimental to the independence of the judicial police in military order. But that's another story!

Initially the DIA was not well tolerated by the other police bodies. There were problems of coordination and difficulties in finding human resources.

The police bodies were unwilling to hand over the most qualified personnel and to be coordinated by the new structure. In fact, at the beginning it was easier to establish a link between the DIA and the judicial authorities than it was to create it between the DIA and the #Police authorities.

Despite the initial difficulties, however, over time the DIA turned out to be a great intuition for the fight against the white-collar mafia.


DIA, the legacy of Giovanni Falcone